Welcome to Education and Research
Students and researchers use a variety of software for analyzing and visualizing their experimental data for their academic and scientific pursuits. OSDDlinux is an attempt to provide biologists, bioinformatician, chemoinformaticians with a user-friendly infrastructure wherein freely open-source software are preinstalled on a Linux platform.
Here is this panel we are describing few things which may be helpful to candidates who aspire to build their career in Scientific world, specially Life science and its applied fields.
Master of Science (M.Sc): It is essential to earn a Master degree in Life Science to pursue reserach in future scientific endeavors. There are numerous bracnches in which a person can do M.Sc to do PhD in future e.g. Life Science, Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Biomedical Sciences, Bioinformatics, Biophysics, Microbiolgy, Human Genetics, Bioscience, Botany or Zoology etc. Candidates have Bachelor of Technology may also eligible for direct PhD admission depending upon the Institutes and Organization ploicies.
Fellowship Availability and Requirement: For most of the top Indian research institutions, it is mandatory to have Master/B.Tech dergree in relevant field and any fellowship to get enter for PhD program. A candidate can get fellowship from a number of Organizations e.g. UGC-CSIR, DBT, ICMR etc by appearing National level compititive examination. These days candidates scoring top positions in Universities are also accomodated in PhD program through INSPIRE fellowship.
Those candidates who could not secure any fellowship through national level compitition but want to opt career in reserach may enroll themselves in research institutions in various projects that keep on enrolling students throuhout the year. Such student after two years of research experience may appear for their own fellowship e.g. CSIR-SRF or they may get an opportunity to do PhD in foreign country, depending upon their eligibility and research experience.
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD): Most of the institues enroll student via interview, having any fellowship and eligibility of the candidates. There are numerous Institutions as well as Universities where any candidate may have chance to get a PhD degree. Major of these Institutes/Organizations are :
Indian Institute of Science (IISc), JNCASR, TIFR, NCBS, AIIMS, ACTREC etc.
CSIR Institutes e.g. IMTECH, IGIB, CCMB etc.
DBT Institutes e.g. NII, NBRC etc.
Indian Institute of Technology (IIT): Delhi, Bombay, Madras, Roorkee, Kanpur and Kharagpur etc.
IISERs: Bhopal, Kolkata, Pune, Mohali and Thiruvananthapuram.
Besides Research Institutions, there are hundreds of Universities in India which offer PhD degree in various fields of Science. Some of famous Indian Universities are: JNU, Delhi University, Anna University, Manipal University, BITS Pilani, University of Mumbai, University of Pune etc.
Post-Doctorate Fellowships: After possessing a PhD degree, a person can opt for career in R & D, Academics or Industrial reserach and developments. For promoting reserach and development, there are a numer of fellowship programs are available in India as well abroad. Here is a brief about these progams:
(1) Indian Fellowship/Awards programs : In recent times, Govt. of India agengies e.g. DST/DBT/CSIR/UGC are providing a number of post PhD fellowship programs. Some of these programs are :
DBT : Ramaswamy Fellowship, Tata Innovation fellowship, INDO-US research career transition award programme, DBT-TWAS Biotechnology fellowship, DBT-CREST Award (Biotechnology Overseas Associateship - BTOA programme), Bio-care programme/Award for women scientists, National Bioscience award for career development, Innovative Young Biotechnologist Award (IYBA) etc
DST : DST is actively involved with promoting scientific environment in India by coordinating a number of scientific research proposal throughout the year. Young, Fresh PhD candidates can pursue their scientific career by working for any of the multiple proposal asked by DST time to time. There are various proposals with collaborations with forign nationals on various topics.
CSIR : CSIR-HRG department is actively involved in proving a number of fellowship to candidates. Some of them are : CSIR-Nehru Postdoctoral fellowship, Senior reserach associateship(Scientist pool scheme), Young Scientist Award etc.
UGC: There are numerous schemes of UGC for provinding opportunities and fellowship to young candidates seeking to make career in Academics/Research and Development.
(2) Foreign PDF programs: candidates having PhD can also apply abroad in various universities for having research experience. A good number of universities of USA, UK, Germany, France, Japan, Australia, Sweden, Canada etc hire Indian PhD scholars with fellowship depending upon Candidate profile, Institute/University terms and conditions.
Job Opportunities: A person having PhD may start his/her career by opting for Resaerch Assistant(RA)/ Scientist (B/C), Assistant Professor in universities at the starting level.
Major Funding Organization India:As stated above, Department of Science and Technology (DST), Department of Biotechnology (DBT), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research(CSIR), University Grant Commission (UGC), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR),Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) are the major research organizations which provide necessary framefork for reserach and development activities in India.